3-DAY WORKSHOP (February 13, 14 and 15, 2022)

BOROBUDUR Workshop: Landscape Urbanism


a project by: Dynamic City Foundation + Krill o.r.c.a.

in conjunction with: Gajah Mada University / UNDIP / UTC Sorbonne

supporting partners: Ministry of Transportation / Yogyakarta Heritage Society

#DAY 1: Sunday 13th Febr 2022

Group 1

Non-physical Aspect:

  • Raise public awareness related to village potency
  • Develop educational tour
  • Making food industry from fish product
  • Sharing knowledge information to local community

Infrastructure Aspect:

  • Main corridor →develop new restaurants/ tourist attractions and also monorail
  • New development of access road for local people (enhancement local road)


  • Local community already have basic skills related to fishery


  • Land Price in along main road is more expensive, usually only rich people/investors who can only afford

Main concerns:

  • Fishery Development
    Development shuttle bus/monorail
    Institutional improvement
    Social engineering mapping
    Development restaurant along main corridor


Eco-spiritual & Educational Tourism

  • Livable village
    Maintain traditional architecture and culinary


Group 2


  • Maximization “Tok Udal” (spring) →not to damage the water source
  • Fishery development without damage nature condition
  • Put more focus on fish sellers →skill improvement
  • Optimization Village-Owned Enterprises
    (BUMDes), investors and third party to support village development
  • Future concerns: waste problem as main pollution on the channel


  • Eco-Spiritual
  • Agri-fishery Village →maintain agriculture area and fishery

Stakeholders Involvement:

  • Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes)
  • Local Government
  • Farmers Community/ Association
  • Investors


  • Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes)
  • Restaurant (example: Kampung Ulam)
  • Local Government

Group 3


  • Water based preservation & conservation
  • Core of development agrifisheries
  • Develop trans route to sell local product in other region


Eco-spiritual and eco-cultural


Group 4


  • Not only focus on developing physical infrastructure

  • It’s better to produce local product and promote local economic development

  • Prioritize the concept of circular economic

  • Balance among  physical and nonphysical  development

  • Physical development →improvement fishpond quality, connectivity and accessibility road improvement

  • Non-physical development →increase public knowledge about

  • For the infrastructure  development, the design should involve the community →more inclusive design

  • Expansion public network with the other villages/regions/institutions/private company

  • Change community mindset →it’s important to make people aware about how to make local product


  • Local community

  • Independent

  • Government

Stakeholders Involvement:

  • Village Community
  • Local champion/actor
  • Borobudur Community


  • Agro Cultural + Eco Spiritual
    Conservation & development of fishery activities that have been passed down for generation


  • Ngrajek Village and 4 other villages (Pabelan, Progowati, Parimono, Mendut)
  • Pabelan Village →as Agriculture center (with water source from Pabelan River) has many fishfarmer
  • Progowati Village →as water source and center for agriculture and fishery
  • Parimono Village →agriculture activities (with water source from Mungkid River), local people already have small fish product
  • Need built center and cooperative building for marketing processed fishery product
  • Ngrajek Village also as center for education and training activities
  • Development Aquatic Village on Ngrajek

#DAY 2: Monday 14th Febr 2022

Group 1 #Development

1. M. Rizky – Head of Ngrajek Village

  • Exit toll development has not been decided clearly
  • Fixing the road in 2023 from the government
  • Land acquisition start from 2023/2024 but it’s still unclear from the Central Government
  • Village issues→Haven’t able to explore the potential they have such as water springs
  • Ngrajek Village has the largest fish breeding center in Central Java→The village want to return the glory of what they already have
  • Minawisata Village (Fisheries Tourism Village) →as village plan
  • Village potential land on the roadside is very limited
  • The majority of land in Ngrajek village is productive land for agriculture and fisheries
  • Suggestion: should provide a signage that indicate the location of village
    (tourists who have entered the Ngrajek Village area know the village)
  • The creative industry does not need too much infrastructure development, so it is quite suitable for the environmentally friendly development model in Ngrajek Village


2. Sita – Jogjakarta Heritage Society

  • Ngrajek doesn’t always need to be linked to tourism sector
  • Suggestion: It’s better for Ngrajek become a productive village which can produce their own products “Made in Ngrajek”→to improve the community’s economy, such as: for every fish in hotels around Borobudur needs to be from Ngrajek
  • Installation of fiber optics to improve internet connection→support online selling
  • Tourism is not the only sector because this sector is quite vulnerable (learn from the pandemic)

Group 2 #Ecology

  • “Anjungan Cerdas”/ Smart Place →main place for the economical activities to sell products from Ngrajek, also the main place for people to change the transportation mode
  • Keep on conserving and keep the water →related to the fisheries development
  • Build UMKM (SMEs) and home industry center at Ngrajek Village
  • No need to build big infrastructure but need to build supporting facilities


  • There are spring profiling and water catchment study documents from Environment Agency →as the barometer for other cities
  • Catchment area is in Sawangan area (between Merapi Merbabu)
  • Water springs→when the points of the river meet and form a lake (Dusun Bumi Segoro)

Group 3 #Collaboration

  • Collaboration between Ngrajek Village and other Villages
    – Ngabean* Village→passed by the Elo river, passed by tourists via the rafting route. There are also plantation/plantation activities (papaya, oranges, bananas/tropical fruit)
    – Parimono Village→attractions that are served: in the form of processed fish products
    (processing fish)
    – Pabelan Village→making bamboo crafts (forks, spoons, etc.)
    – Ngrajek village as central→fish cultivation
  • Collaboration between the village and the community
    – Activity→How to count fish manually
    – Creating a place that can be used as a place of education
    – Have natural spring resources→for drinking water, daily needs and fisheries
    – We can see the best practice from Umbul Ponggok Village in Klaten Regency →so that it can increase local people’s income
  • In the future there is a plan to make mineral water from Ngrajek Village
  • Collaboration between Ngrajek Village and the Government
    – There is a concept from the Fisheries Agency and the Ministry of Fisheries→the concept of the Fish Cultivation Village has been introduced from the ministry
  • Collaboration between Ngrajek Village and Private Sector
    – Invite restaurant investors→vegetables and fish can come from Ngrajek Village
  • Collaboration Ngrajek Village and Academics
    – Assistance from academia

Group 4 #Planning

Yenny – Borobudur Conservation Center

  • Many parties strongly encourage development, but because it is located in a conservation area sometimes development seems to be limited
  • There needs to be provisions followed from world heritage→the rules has been ratified in the presidential regulation and operational guidelines
  • Document JICA master plan from 1979 →Until now it is still the guideline for UNESCO to assess the standard of the Borobudur complex. Not only Borobudur Temple, but also Mendut Temple, Pawon, and wider settings up to a radius of 5km
  • Tourism is an added value, but the most important thing is that the world heritage can be preserved. Ecology must be preserved and maintained
  • If massive development continues, it will disrupt the balance of environmental sustainability, especially water
  • Environmental sustainability and cultural heritage preservation need to be the most important thing
  • The direction of development must prioritize towards conservation

#DAY 3: Tuesday 15th Febr 2022

Sugiono – Magelang Regency Expert Staff

  • It’s important how to make implementable planning
  • Have to see the existing potential and maintain the conservation of the Ngrajek Village area
  • Have to check the Presidential Decree No. 58 (because it’s already rigid and detailed 1:5000) and check JICA’s plan →To know how to implement the regulation
  • Need monitoring of what has been regulated in the regulations
  • There needs to be self-acceptance→the need for public awareness of the product to be planned
  • Hasta Prasetya Magelang Regency →One article of which is about the Zone 1 area of   around 1300 ha which has been rigidly regulated and is expected to be very conservative

Eko – Central Java Public Works and Spatial Planning Agency

  • Need to see how to deal with current and future spatial conditions
  • Need to look at the water resources component→see the spatial and water components as an inseparable unit
  • Have to check how Penta helix concept can be applied in the study area
  • Low enforcement
  • Need to see which concept is most applicable (to check what things can be implemented)
  • Check the detail spatial plan and other rules →also pay attention to spatial planning by looking at the hydrological system (water sensitive system)
  • Not only Ngrajek Village, but also 6 villages surroundings can implement the concept of Low Impact Development

Ferry Hermawan – UNDIP

  • Building infrastructure is related to the government’s political policies
  • Need to look at development from the side of local interests
  • The local version of TOD concept is likely to be applied in this region

Santy Paulla – UNDIP

  • Deurbanization might happen
  • Consider about big infrastructure from external parties or how investors will trend in the future

Wahyu – Fisheries Agency

  • Should pay attention to areas for agriculture, fisheries and SMEs
  • There needs to be a solution for the natural desires of the community, where will it be accommodated
  • Make sure that development should suitable with the spatial planning

Yenny – Borobudur Conservation Center

  • Develop compact settlement might be good
  • Community based economic development is more suitable
  • We don’t have to build new massive infrastructures
  • Maintain nature as the main focus
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